Causes, Symptoms, Cure, and Ebola Prevention

Ebola has become the center of world attention because of the recent epidemic. In 2014, the WHO noted that there were at least 18,000 cases of Ebola disease occurring in the West African region, with a mortality rate of 30 percent of all cases. It is one of the deadly diseases. Therefore, it is important to know the spreading of this virus, the symptoms, cure, and Ebola prevention.

Ebola Prevention

This disease is caused by a virus and can be fatal if not treated immediately. By knowing the Ebola prevention, we can reduce the death rate. Ebola was first discovered in 1976 in Sudan and Congo. Experts suspect that the Ebola virus has lived in the body of a fruit-eating bat then spreads to other animals. It infects humans through blood when they clean the blood of prey contaminated animals.

Ebola Causes ant The Spread of Ebola

Ebola is a deadly disease that caused by a virus and spreads through direct contact with blood or bodily fluids such as urine, feces, saliva, and semen. You can infect soon if you directly touch the nose, eyes, mouth, or open wounds of the patient. By knowing the Ebola prevention can make you more careful and alert of this illness.

The groups of people who are at high risk are generally families who live in the same house and people who treat patients like medical personnel. The surrounding environment that is contaminated also risks transmitting this disease. For example are the used clothing, sheets, and needle syringes. Moreover, the Ebola virus can survive outside the body for several days including in the skin of patients.

Therefore, funeral traditions of the patient that require families or close friends to bathe bodies also have the potential to transmit the Ebola virus. Families and medical officers are advised to handle the bodies of Ebola sufferers with maximum protection. The funeral process should be left to those who are trained and experienced in handling similar cases.

Ebola Causes

Ebola Symptoms

The incubation period (the time span between the entries of the virus into the body until the first symptoms appear) from Ebola disease is around 2 to 21 days. Please keep in mind that the transmission of the Ebola virus only begins when symptoms appear. A number of initial symptoms ill attacks suddenly include:
  • Fever
  • A headache
  • Feel very weak
  • Pain in muscles and joints
  • A sore throat

After the initial symptoms appear, the further symptoms will appear which are:
  • Vomit
  • Stomach ache
  • Diarrhea
  • Rash
  • Impaired liver and kidney function
  • Bleeding in the body that sometimes also comes out through the mouth, nose, eyes, or ears

The Ebola virus can spread quickly and is very deadly. So, avoid direct contact with the patient. If you suspect that your family member has infected the Ebola virus, see your doctor immediately for an examination.

Ebola Cure

After being positively diagnosed with Ebola, the patient will undergo intensive treatment at the hospital. The quick and precise medical treatment is the key to increasing the possibility of patient safety. Actually, there is no cure for eradicating the Ebola virus. But research continues to find effective vaccines and drugs to treat this disease.

The treatment aims only to support the patient's immunity against the virus. Patients will generally receive fluids through an IV to prevent dehydration. During the body against Ebola disease, the blood pressure, oxygen levels in the blood and the function of the patient's organs must be maintained to the maximum extent possible.

Ebola cure

Ebola Prevention

The initial transmission of the Ebola virus is through direct contact with infected animals whose spread occurs directly in the patient. The following are a number of steps that we can take for Ebola prevention, as well as limit the spread of the virus.
  • Finding out information about the Ebola virus as much as possible
  • If there are family members or people around you who might be infected, immediately take them to undergo examination and hospital treatment
  • Avoid having sex with Ebola sufferers without a safety (condoms)
  • A number of studies have shown that this virus is still detected in male semen fluid even for months after the man was declared cured of Ebola
  • Always wash your hands with water and soap or alcohol-based hand sanitizer
  • Avoid direct contact with the patient's skin, blood, and body fluids
  • Do not touch objects around the patient such as clothes, or sheets
  • The bodies of Ebola sufferers must be treated with maximum protection by those who are trained and experienced in handling this type of case
  • Avoid traveling to areas with high Ebola cases
  • If you are in an area that is at risk of transmitting Ebola, avoid contact with animals that have the potential to transmit it such as fruit-eating bat and monkeys
  • Wash, peel fruits and vegetables before consumption
  • Cooking meat and vegetable until thoroughly cooked before consumption

Especially for medical workers, there are several preventive measures that should be taken to minimize the risk of contracting Ebola.
  • Be careful when handling blood, body fluids, catheters, and when installing a patient's infusion
  • Use maximum protection like by wearing a mask, gloves, protective clothing, and glasses
  • Always wash your hands, especially after direct contact with the patient's
  • Avoid ritual cleansing without wearing the right protective equipment
  • Dispose of the disposable medical equipment
  • Isolating Ebola patients in a special room and limiting the number of visitors to a minimum

Conclusion

Ebola has become the center of world attention because of the recent epidemic. It is a deadly disease that caused by a virus and spreads through direct contact. By knowing the causes, spreading, symptoms, and Ebola prevention, we can reduce the death rate.

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